From Malcolm Little to Malcolm X to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz

Malcolm X in 1964.
The great Black leader, debater and speaker, commonly known as Malcolm X (English: ˈmælkəm ˈɛks) was born May 19, 1925 as Malcolm Little and died February 21, 1965 as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز‎).  His mother was Louise Little (maiden name Louise Langdon Norton), born in the Caribbean isle of Grenada, British West Indies, at the Grenadines' southern tip. His father was born in Reynolds, Georgia (Taylor County) and became a Baptist minister and Garveyism organizer under the leadership of the Jamaican-born Marcus Garvey.

"Who Taught You to Hate Yourself?" a May 5, 1962 speech
by Malcolm X in Los Angeles, California

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